Standalone Accessible Element

Learning Difficulties/Neurodivergence

Dyslexia word cloud

Learning difficulties (most commonly known in the UK as ‘Specific learning difficulties’)

The term ‘learning difficulties’ is quite broad – covering conditions such as dyslexia, dyspraxia and dyscalculia as well as attention deficit disorder (ADD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). These conditions often also come under the term ‘neurodivergence’.

In the UK most experts, as well as people with a learning difficulty themselves, prefer the term ‘specific learning difficulty’ or ‘specific learning difference’ as this correctly implies difficulties confined to just one or two specific areas.

Don’t get confused between the terms ‘learning disabilities’ and ‘learning difficulties’. Learning difficulties (such as dyslexia or dyspraxia) are not related to reduced intellectual ability and it is important to make this distinction.

Dysgraphia is characterised by a difficulty with handwriting.

This difficulty is more than simply “untidy” writing; it affects peoples’ ability to write effortlessly. The act of handwriting demands a complex set of fine motor skills which have to be coordinated with information processing. For people with dysgraphia, writing legibly remains elusive (if not impossible), and this worsens when people are placed under time pressure.

Many people with dysgraphia are able to write, but this requires a higher than usual degree of concentration and working memory. Written work is often: very poorly formed, difficult to read, a mixture of cursive and block letters, not on the line, with letters of varying sizes and not presented according to convention (for example work may be right hand justified, rather than left hand justified).

Dysgraphia can sometimes cause physical pain and often limits a person’s ability to express their thoughts when writing, which makes it difficult for people to achieve their potential.

To learn more about Dyslexia visit The Dyslexia Association by clicking here…

Learn more about Specific Learning Difficulties.

Skip to content